19 True and interesting facts about ducks| Types of ducks species

Ducks are among the more common birds that we see. In fact, it’s not uncommon to see a family of ducks at your local park.

They may not be as exotic as other animals or birds, but they still have a fascinating biology.

You may have fed a few ducks in your lifetime, and maybe even seen a couple of ducklings waddling around—but how much do you really know about these birds?

Ducks are usually classified according to how they eat, either wading ducks or diving ducks. Wading ducks feed on water or land, or foraging at depths where they can't be completely submerged by bumping up. Diving ducks forage underwater. In order to be able to immerse in the water more easily, diving ducks are heavier than wading ducks, so it is more difficult to fly when taking off.

Male ducks are called Drakes, female ducks are called Hens, and ducks are called Ducklings.

1) Ducks eat rocks.

It’s not for lack of having other food sources. Ducks will eat gravel, small stones, or sand.

The store the rocks in their gizzards and use the rough textures to help with breaking down the food.

2) Ducks have three eyelids.

Ducks have an array of impressive eye features. They have excellent vision, and since their eyes are on the sides of their heads, they have a field of vision of almost 340 degrees.

Due to the shape of their eyes, they can see objects near and far, simultaneously. Finally, ducks can see in color!

3) Ducks aren't always fly.

After a male duck, or drake's, chosen mate is hatching eggs, the birds undergo molting, temporarily losing their bright plumage, as well as their ability to fly. 

4) Preening helps them stay dry.

Preening is the process by which ducks groom themselves—getting rid of dust, dirt, and parasites from their feathers, while also helping to waterproof their outer layer. During preening, ducks spread a waxy, waterproof oil secreted by their uropygial gland, which is located near their tails. 

5) Ducks have excellent vision.

Because a duck's eyes are located on either sides of its head, they have a field of vision of nearly 340 degrees. And thanks to the shape of their eyes, they can see objects both near and far simultaneously. To top it off, ducks have three eyelids and can see in color.

6) Mass migrations can cause mass chaos.

Very rarely, a severe weather event will trigger a mass migration known as a “grand passage.” There have been only three recorded instances of grand passages: one in 1940, one in 1955, and the most recent in 1995, when a reported 90 million waterfowl migrated from Canada after a severe cold front set in, causing major problems at airports along the birds' route. 

7) Ducklings grow up fast.

Unlike the young of many other animals, ducklings achieve independence almost immediately after hatching. Babies are born with their eyes wide open, and already possess the layer of down feathers necessary to stay warm. By the time they're two months old, ducklings have usually learned to fly.

8) There are about 120 different kinds of ducks.

9) Duck live In fresh water

Ducks are mostly aquatic birds that live in fresh water and sea water. They can be found on every continent except Antarctica. Wetlands (such as ponds, streams, lakes, and lagoons) and woodlands (such as swamp forests and mangrove standing trees) are natural habitats for ducks.

10) Ducks are Domestic Pet

Ducks have been domesticated as pets and farm animals for more than 500 years. All domestic ducks are descendants of wild ducks or muscovy ducks.

11) Life span of Duck

It is true that wild ducks can live for more than 20 years. The world record is that Mallard Drake lived to 27 years old. Domestic ducks are usually kept in captivity for 10-15 years or less.

12) Size of Ducks

Ducks vary in size, ranging from 71 cm (28 inches) in length to 3 kg (6.6 lbs) and large duck downs with a wingspan of 1 m (41 inches) to Eurasia. The blue-green color is about 28 cm (11 inches) long, weighs about 340 grams (12 ounces), and has a wingspan of 59 cm (23 inches).

13) Colour Difference between male and female Duck

Color difference between genders feathers are common in many types of birds, ducks have brought this feather into a new art, with males with gorgeous colors and distinctive patterns It was even outrageous. When the female is in the nest, the female duck is more likely to be confused by neutral colors and mottled patterns, so as not to be covered by the enemy.

14) Ducks have no nerves or blood vessels in their feet

Which means their feet will not feel cold! This allows ducks to swim in icy water and walk in ice and snow.

15) They have a good vision and see the colors.

The duck has three eyelids. Top and bottom and one third on the side of the eye. Obviously, its behaviour is like goggles.

16) Duck feathers are very waterproof

Due to the complex feather structure and the wax-like coating applied to each feather when waxing, all duck feathers are highly waterproof. Duck feathers are very waterproof, even if the duck dives underwater, its soft feather layer will remain completely dry.

Ducks keep their feathers clean by dressing up. They do this by placing their heads in interesting positions and inserting their beaks into their bodies. They often dress themselves up.

17) Ducks are a very social animal

When they are with other groups of ducks (called paddles), they will feel the most relaxed. They search for food in the grass or water all day and sleep with their paddlers at night.

18) Ducks are omnivores

They consist of small fish and fish eggs, small crustaceans, frogs, sal and other amphibians, snails, worms and mollusks, aquatic and terrestrial insects, algae and aquatic plants and roots, grasses and weeds, seeds and grains, small berries ,Fruit and water for food and nut. In addition to these nutritious foods, some ducks also eat sand, gravel, pebbles, and small shells to provide grit that helps digestion. Grit can also provide trace amounts of key minerals as part of an overall healthy, diverse diet.

19) Ducks usually look for partners or partners in winter

1) Male ducks attract female ducks with their bright feathers or feathers. The female duck will then bring the male duck to the breeding ground in the spring.

The breeding ground is usually where the female duck hatches. Female ducks use grass or reeds to even nest in holes in trees.

2) The male duck will drive away other couples to protect his territory. After the female lays 5 to 12 eggs, she will sit on the eggs to keep them warm so that they can hatch into ducklings. On the other hand, the male duck will be with other male ducks

3) Eggs usually hatch within 28 days, except for muscovy ducks, which take about 35 days to hatch. Mother ducks put their ducklings together to protect them from predators. Ducklings can fly in 5 to 8 weeks. Their feathers grow quickly.

Because ducks are widely distributed in many habitats, they have many predators. Some of them include eagles, coyotes, foxes, raccoons and big fish.

4) Most wading duck females make a classic "quack" sound, but despite widespread misunderstandings, most ducks do not have a "quack" sound. Usually, ducks make various sounds including whistle, cooing, egg yolk and cooing unit.

A common urban legend is that duck quacks will not echo. However, it turned out to be wrong.

Types of Ducks Species

1) Mallards Ducks

1) The mallard is a large duck with a clumsy body, a round head and a flat bill. Like many "ducks", the body is very long and the tail slides high above the water, forming a blunt head shape. In flight, their wings spread and retreated.

2) Male mallards in breeding feathers are immediately recognizable. The bright yellow banknotes contrast with the iridescent green head, which has a white collar. The chest is rich in chestnuts, and leads to the off-white lower part. The back is gray-brown, and the blue speculum on the wing is surrounded by thick white lines. The hips and tail are black, in contrast to the white outer tail feathers, and the legs and feet are bright orange.

3) Although coloring is always a good indicator, the molted ducks may not look exactly the same. However, for the grass key, the key area marker is the tightly curled tail feathers at the top of the hips. Although hybrid bird or mallard larvae may not clearly show this function, any lifting or curling of these tail feathers will indicate a male mallard. But females lack these curly tail feathers.

4) Female mallards are far less livelier than mallards. Their feathers are mottled brown and light yellow, and the light center is located on the largest feather on the back, while the lower part has no obvious spots. The bright orange bill of the hen is black or gray, but the nails on the tip of the bill are always black. Hens have fewer spots on their chin and throat, and their facial expressions are clear, with dark eye stripes and dark crowns. Their wings also showed a blue speculum with thick white lines on their edges, and light brown spots on the buttocks, tail and tail concealment. Like dragons, their legs and feet are bright orange.

5) Mallards can nest in many unusual places, including flower baskets, flower beds or bushes, even close to where humans live. A typical nest will contain 4-15 eggs, but some wild duck hens are observed to lay eggs in other hen's nests, resulting in larger unrelated siblings. The incubation period is 25-30 days and most of the time is done by the hen.

2) Canvasback Ducks

1) A big diving duck with a forehead slightly tilted and a thick neck. Its long banknote meets the inclined forehead, creating a seamless look from the top of the crown to the tip of the banknote. On the water, it has an oval body and a short tail, slowly tilting down into the water.

2) The gray-backed duck of the Anatidae family, laurel duck or pod, is one of the most popular wild birds. The male gray duck is a relatively large duck weighing approximately 1.4 kg (3 lbs). During the breeding season, his head and neck are red, his chest is black, and his white back and sides are lined with gray. In a lunar eclipse, he looks like a female, with a tan head and gray-brown back. Back-back breeding in northwestern North America and winter along the coasts of British Columbia and southern Massachusetts to central Mexico. Back back prefers the roots of wild celery (eel), but will eat a lot of other plants and even certain animal foods.

In winter it is found in deep-water freshwater lakes and coastal waters. Breed in lakes, deep-water swamps, bays and ponds.

3) Marbled Ducks

1) The marble duck is about 39-42 cm long (including the tail).

Adults have light sand-brown feathers with white scattered spots. They have dark circles. The head is very fluffy.

Juveniles have more off-white spots.

2) In flight, the wing looks pale, without obvious patterns, and there is no speculum (unique wing patch) on the secondary aircraft (short upper "arm" feathers).

3) Ducks usually feed on larvae and rocks found under rocks, as well as aquatic animals, plant materials, seeds, small fish, snails and crabs

4) In winter, marbled ducks are paired. The couple traveled north to the breeding ground together, although they would still choose some partners when they reached the breeding ground. The couple will choose a nesting site, usually on the ground by vegetation under the water. The male and female stayed together until the female started hatching eggs, when her partner abandoned her. She will stay in the nest for 25-27 days, and then maintain her incubation period for another two months or so until they hatch.

4) Alabio Ducks

1) Alabio ducks are usually brown with white spots and line patterns around the eyes. Ducks and ducks have different colors. The head of the duck is light brown, and the head of the duck is bright blue or green. There are already several crossbreeds of Alabio ducks. This changed the productivity, the color of the calf, beak and feathers of the original Alabio duck. The original Alabio duck has cream-colored feathers. Their beaks and calves are dark yellow, light yellow or orange. On average, Alabio weighs about 1.8-2.0 kg, and ducks about 1.6-1.8 kg.

2) The Alabio duck is mainly raised as a breed of egg-laying duck. But now, they are also raising meat because they produce delicious meat. Today, this breed has been bred as a dual-purpose duck species.

Alabio ducks are excellent laying hens, which can lay 200 eggs per year.

5) Black-bellied whistle duck

1) The black-bellied whistling duck is a big goose-shaped duck with long neck, long legs and short tail. In flight, look for its wide wings, long neck and hunchback.

2) There is a lot of foraging on land, and may forage during the day or night. Flocks of sheep came to the harvested land, feeding on cereals, grasslands and weeds. In shallow waters, wading may reach budding plants, or may dabble in the water or tilt upward to reach underwater.

3) The ducklings in the nest can crawl on the wall of the nest and jump to the ground one to two days after hatching. Can be mated for life. Nests are often built in colonies. Nesting sites are usually in tree holes or broken roots, 4-20 feet from the ground or water. Tree nests usually nest on land near water, but up to 1/4 mile from the tree.

6) Spotted whistle duck

1) The whistling duck found was a member of Anatidae. Its range is southern Philippines, from central Indonesia to New Guinea. It has recently colonized Australia and now has a small population living in Weepy on the west coast of the Cape York Peninsula.

2) The species has a wide distribution range, and the global occurrence range is estimated to be 100,000-1,000,000 km². Its global population is estimated to be 10,000-25,000 (Wetlands International, 2002). Global population trends have not yet been quantified, but it is believed that this species does not meet the threshold of the IUCN Red List population decline standard (that is, a decline of more than 30% within ten or three generations). For these reasons, this species has been rated as the "least concern" species.

7) Wandering whistling duck

1) The wandering mallard is a large duck with overall rich reddish-brown feathers, a pale complexion, and a front neck and upper breast. There are dark stripes on the head, back neck and neck crown. Bills and legs are dark. Slender feathery feathers on the sides, grayish white, with chestnut edges.

2) Stray ducks prefer deep grassy lagoons and swamps, flooded grasslands, sewer farms, wheat stubble, pastures, irrigated land and rice fields. It prefers deep waters with many aquatic plants and insects.

3) Almost all stray wild ducks feed on aquatic plants and seeds, as well as young grasses, grasses and bulbs of other grasses, insects and other small aquatic animals. Wandering whistling ducks forage among dense flocks of birds, with birds in front diving and birds in back flying above.

8) White faced whistling duck

1) The white-faced adult male of the whistle adult duck has a white head and throat, the rest of the head and neck are black, white patches on the underside of the neck, and chestnuts on the lower neck and winged shoulders. Their flanks are forbidden by black and white, and the rest of the lower part, underside of the wings, buttocks and tail are black. Their back and shoulder cap bones are olive brown with gold edges, brown eyes, bills black, feet, toes and flippers blue with black spots. The females are similar, but the front points of the head and neck are rusty. Although it has the neck and legs of other ducks, it does not spend much time perching on trees, but likes to pile up sand. It behaves more like a goose or swan than an ordinary duck.

2) There are usually hundreds of highly socialized species with cluster characteristics. Mutual modification is highly developed. Very important for permanent double bond binding. Foraging occurs mainly at night, so there are many flights at night. Birds have a lot of nomadic activities. They are often found to be related to ducks that help to whistle.

They are found in dams, lakes, rivers, estuaries, sewage dams and floodplains. Various wetland areas with open fresh water, such as lakes, swamps, and swamps. Occasionally found in open water.

9) Fulvous duck        

A large and peculiar duck with long legs, neck and mouth.

1) Fulvous whistling duck is rich in cinnamon, with thick black stripes on the wings and back. There are thin white spots on the sides of the neck and long white stripes on the sides. The tail is black, the hips and tail are white, and the legs and mouth are dark gray. Women are darker in the crown and back of the neck than men.

Sometimes bragging mallards eat grass, but unlike black-bellied mallards, their foraging is mostly carried out by filter feeding-just like northern shovels, which filter seeds and invertebrates with fine mud. Adaptation measures for this type of feeding include: mature flakes in the bill (comb structure), and wider bill tips with "nails".

In some ways, whistling ducks are more like swans than ducks. Males help to take care of offspring, while pairing is maintained for many years.

10) Lesser whistling duck

1) A medium-sized duck, mainly orange-brown, with a scaly pattern on the back, a large head, a small neck, and long legs. Both men and women are the same. In flight, the huge circular wing looks black below, with visible maroon patches on the front paws and hips. Nests are built in tree holes, abandoned bird nests and grass beds. A flock of birds often roosts on open branches.

2) The small whistle duck, also known as the Indian whistle duck or small whistle blue-green, is a whistle duck that breeds in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. They are night eaters and may be found in the flocks around lakes and wet rice fields during the day. They can inhabit trees and sometimes nest in the depressions of trees. This brown long-necked duck can see the wide wings in flight and emits two loud breaths. It has a chestnut buttock, which is distinguished from the larger relatives, who have milky whistling ducks.

11) Plumed Whistling duck

1) Whistling ducks stand upright, like geese, but smaller and slimmer than geese or ducklings. The drooping whistle duck is mainly yellowish brown or light yellow, light maroon. It has very prominent, long, pale yellow wing feathers that almost extend to the back. The bill is pink with dark freckles, while the legs and feet are light pink. Similar gender and similar size.

2) The coveted duck is a herd on the grassland, foraging like a goose in short grass. They sometimes dabble in shallow water. They have little to do with water, but tend to inhabit the bare ground with water. Habitat is often called "camp". They usually avoid coastal or tidal areas.

3) The breeding of down ducks begins in the wet tropical season. The nest is a small scratch on the ground, sparsely lined with grass, usually sheltered by shrubs or other vegetation. The plum blossom duck is monogamous, and the double bond may be lifelong. Both men and women share the responsibility of incubation, and switch at night, and nurture young people.

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