Types of bats| Behaviour of bats |Habit and their food they eat

If you see a sick, injured or orphaned microbat please keep your distance, do not touch it or try to contain it.

Bats can carry a virus that is very dangerous to humans. Whilst very few are believed to carry the virus no risks should be taken. 

Bats may travel long distances to find food, and seem to have the ability to return to their "familiar area". In the International Journal of Mammal Biology in 2000, Horacio Delpietro and a colleague tested the ability of 446 common vampire bats to nest Release them at different distances. 

Delpietro and Russo found that men were better able to find their way home than women (23% and 8% homing performance, respectively), while women tended to settle at the release site. The researchers concluded that the ability of these bats to find a home is closely related to whether they are released in a familiar environment around the habitat.


Types of bats            

1) Micro Bats             


Most bats in the world are small insect-eating bats, sometimes called miniature bats. They are smaller than fruit-eating bats and are expected by the world in the Arctic and Antarctica. Most microbats feed on flying insects, and they will be caught after dark. Other miniature bats, especially in tropical regions, feed on larger animals (such as frogs), nectar and fruits. Some even drink blood. Tiny bats have poor eyesight, but good hearing, and can sense flying insects. They use a technique called echolocation to hunt, make a sound and listen to the echo to determine how far the prey is.

BEHAVIOR   

When flying, the miniature bat emits about 10 pulses per second. When an insect is detected, the number of pulses will exceed 100 per second. These tiny creatures usually live in six colonies. They are excellent insect controllers and consume at least 50% of the insect's body weight every night. It is not known that there are a source of disease, and they have little or no odor and dry quickly.

2) Mega Bats

This rat-sized fruit bat can only be found in the sub-canopy of rainforest trees. Its muzzle is very long and thin, and its tongue is very long. It can eat nectar. It is one of the smallest of all giant bats weighing between 15 and 19 grams on average. Its size and pale yellow-brown to brown-red fur make it difficult to find during the day. It is also known as the Oriental Flowering Bat.

They have about 13 hectares of foraging area every night and usually choose a new habitat in the area every day. They can hover while eating, but usually fall on the flowers to eat.

In New South Wales, they mainly feed on Banksias and Bottlebrush combs, while in Queensland, they also feed on Melaleuca, Grevillea and Eucalyptus flowers, and nectar from Lily Pieris.

3) Black flying-fox


The black fox is a large bat common in northern Australia. They are usually black everywhere and usually have a reddish-brown coat on the back of the neck. They have many similarities with gray-headed foxes-weighing about 600-1000 grams, usually inhabiting together and having the same breeding cycle.

BEHAVIOR

This species lives and forages mainly in tropical and subtropical forests and woodlands. Females will use mangroves and floodplains as maternal habitats. The black fox can travel up to 50 kilometers in search of food. Their favorite foods are succulent fruits and eucalyptus, melaleuca, and flowers of various native and imported species.

4) Little red flying-fox


The little red fox is a nomadic species found in most semi-arid and tropical areas of Australia. This small (300-600 g) red-brown species is characterized by translucent wings during daytime flight.

Due to their large number, these bats will severely damage their habitat due to their total weight on the branches. In the early summer of the mating season, the camp can accommodate up to 1 million people. They mainly feed on eucalyptus flowers and will travel long distances to the flowering trees that follow.

5) Grey-headed flying-fox


The gray-headed fly fox has a unique gray fur color on the head and an orange collar on the neck. The rest of the body is dark gray to brown. They are one of the largest foxes in Australia, weighing between 600-1000 grams and having a wingspan of 1500 mm.

This species can form thousands of large camps in any vegetation above 3 meters above sea level (preferably along the waterway). They will travel up to 50 kilometers in search of food. Their diet includes pollen, nectar, fruits and flowers or 201 plants. When local produce is in short supply, they will attack the orchard.

6) Kitti’s Hog-Nosed Bat Is World’s Smallest Mammal


Kitti's pig-nosed bat (Craseonycteris thonglongyai) is sometimes referred to as the bumblebee bat because of its small size. It was discovered in the 1970s, and it may be the smallest mammal in the world according to its size definition.

At least it can be said that Kitti's pig-nosed bat has a strange body design. Many experts have always wondered how it can fly at this size. However, it has been determined that they have extra webbing between the hind legs. The webbing helps the bat to control its movement in flight.

Kitti ’s Hog – Nosed Bat is small but has strong legs and claws. Their toes will curl and can easily inhabit. They have a tendon locking mechanism that allows this posture to occur without consuming too much energy.

They use echolocation to help them navigate the environment. This process involves using hearing that is well suited to its environment. They issued singles and then waited for the echo to return to them. The length and amount of time spent telling them exactly where the prey is. They can create a type of map based on their own ideas.

BEHAVIOR

Most species of bats form very large colonies. However, Kitti's Hog – Nosed Bat does not. Their largest colony has 100 to 500 members. Most of them are much fewer, in some cases only about 10 people. The interesting thing is that they all use echolocation. However, their usage is slightly different, such as subcultures in larger environments.

Kitti's Hog – Another difference between Nosed Bats is their habitat. When all other species of bats are close to each other, they will spread in large numbers. It is believed that such bats do not have to depend on each other's body temperature like most bats do.

This particular bat was discovered in the early 1970s, but we still know very little about them. Experts believe that Kitti's Hog – Nosed Bat may have more living areas, but we have not yet determined. Although we observed them as much as possible, we have made some progress in the behavior of these unique bats.

7) Ghost Bat

Ghost bats use their large eyes and echolocation to find prey.

Ghost bats inhabit caves, old mine tunnels and cracks deep in rocks. They usually inhabit colonies, but because many of their habitats are destroyed, large colonies are rarely found.

Ghost bats are the only carnivorous bats in Australia that feed on large insects, frogs, birds, lizards and small mammals (including other bats). They bite violently and swoop their prey, and then fly to a foraging place to eat.

DIET AND FEEDING HABITS OF BATS

The fact that Kitty's pig-nosed bats live very close to the water means that they can usually find many edible insects. The supply of flies near the area is high, and they constitute most of the diet. They also consume a lot of spiders. Interestingly, Kitti's Hog – Nosed Bat usually does not stop to eat. They usually do this in flight.

13 Asome Bat Facts|Life Cycle|Food habits



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